How to Minimize
There are different approaches to minimizing pesticide exposure- we can go all the way, sparing
no expense, and eat an all-organic diet. This can be costly, especially if one wants to eat meat and poultry, or if lots of
pre-made, packaged foods are used.
All of us have likely seen the lists of the top ten worst offending fruits and vegetables,
and we might wonder how do we follow the advice to eat lots of fruits and vegetables, if they are “full of pesticides”.
Fruits and Veggies are good for me!
But what about the pesticides?
Fruits and vegetables often have traces
of pesticides, it is true, but the levels are much, much lower than levels found in meat, poultry, and dairy products. So,
eating fruits and vegetables, even if they are conventionally grown, does you a lot more good than harm.
at fruit and vegetable consumption, finds that they are extremely good for health. Epidemiological research (looking at large
groups or populations) finds less cancer, brain deterioration, osteoporosis, obesity, and eye problems amongst people who
eat lots of fruits and vegetables, compared to those who eat less(1,2,3,4,5,6, and 7).
All conventional animal foods
are loaded with pesticide residues for one main reason; animals (and humans) CONCENTRATE pesticides in their body- this is
called bio accumulation. This is because pesticides break down very slowly, and are difficult to metabolise and excrete. So,
as an animal eats pesticides in it’s feed, day after day, the levels of pesticides in it’s body build up, until
the day of slaughter. Animals are often directly sprayed with pesticides, to treat infestations, like ticks and mange. For
an in depth , thoroughly-researched look at modern animal ‘farming’, I highly recommend ‘Diet for a New
America’, by John Robbins.
“about 90% of pesticides and environmental toxins in the body of a typical
American come from the meat, poultry, and dairy products they consume “
Comparisons of pesticide levels in different
foods have been done by many groups, agencies, and researchers; plant foods are far less ‘contaminated’ by pesticides
and other contaminants than animal foods. The safest foods tend to be grains, beans, fruits and vegetables. The most contaminated
foods are beef, chicken, turkey, and dairy products, especially fatty dairy products, like butter and cheese. According to
the US EPA, hardly a wholistic agency at all- about 90% of pesticides and environmental toxins in the body of a typical American
person comes from the meat, poultry, and dairy products they consume.
Animal fat has a lot of bad publicity,
due to it’s high saturated fat content. This is really the least of the problem, since natural saturated fats are a
very weak serum cholesterol elevator. We do not have to worry about heart health from the effects of natural saturated fats!
junk oils being marketed to us, in the form of (overprocessed) vegetable oils, and (modified or hydrogenated) margarines,
and especially deep fryer vegetable oils are the biggest cholesterol problem- they send blood cholesterol levels soaring.
This ill effect has been well documented since at least the 1950’s, but has not been heard over the roar of commercial
propaganda, alluring us into consuming profitable junk fats.
Getting back to pesticide and contaminant residues, here
is where animal fats are a problem. Most pesticides are fat soluble, and animals tend to accumulate pesticides and other toxins,
we can start to understand why animal fat is the most contaminated part of our diet. Eating less animal fat means eating less
pesticides. Butter is more contaminated than lowfat yogourt. A lot more. Low fat cheese is less contaminated than Havarti.
Similarly, extra lean meat will have less pesticide residues than spare ribs, or well-marbled steak.
Organic meats are far cleaner than commercial meats, and safer- no cow anywhere has been fed cow carcass scraps,
and sold as ‘organic’. Commercial cows are often fed carcass scraps, even in today’s post mad cow scare
world! All feed given to animals sold as organic must also be organically grown, and pasture lands for organic animals may
not be sprayed with herbicide, pesticide, or any other ‘-cide”.
Organic animal farming is definitely a lot
kinder to the animals, since antibiotics and other drugs cannot be administered under mandated organic farming practice. Healthy,
properly cared for animals tend to be healthy, with strong immune systems- their immunity is usually much stronger than humans’.
Commercially raised animals live in torturous conditions, and could not survive without steady stream of antibiotics and other
drugs in their feed, which compensate for their burnt-out immune systems. Most antibiotics manufactured in North America are
fed to livestock and poultry, who then pass on residues of those drugs into those who eat them.
Make a wiser choice.
Sadly, all of the world’s major fish stocks are over-fished. An older fisherman told me that he remembered,
as a young man, throwing the net overboard, and it being full in short order, practically bursting with cod, off the coast
of Newfoundland. The sea itself was so much cleaner then than now, and much less fished. Over half of the world fish catch
is fed to livestock! The level of fertility poisoning contaminants like dioxins and PCB’s are reaching levels that are
measurably affecting most land and sea wildlife, so natural reproduction is down. In spite of the compromised seas, I still
believe that some fish is a good idea for our health. Eat smaller, wild caught fish, which are not endangered; herrings, sardines,
anchovies, and smaller mackerel are all good. Avoid any farmed fish, since they are much more contaminated by environmental
toxins, and they are raised on a diet of antibiotic-laced pellets. Canadian wild freshwater fish is also good, provided it
is not from the Great Lakes, with the exception of lake Superior. How we managed to pollute the largest lakes in the world
is a crime that we need to consider. Show your environment that you care- avoid all toxic products at home, and watch what
you put down the drain. Clean yourself and your home with natural products- visit GrassRoots, with two locations in Toronto,
Can I Trust Organic?
Is so-called ‘organic food’ actually cleaner than regular, or commercially
grown food? Let us examine some published evidence. A study was designed to examine the hardest evidence possible- people
who ate organic, versus people who ate commercially grown, or ‘conventional’ foods.(8)
These researchers examined
pesticide residues in children’s urine, after confirming with their parents if the children were fed organic foods,
or ‘regular’ foods. The organic children were 9 times cleaner. That means, the regular food eating children had
9 times more pesticides in their urine; not just double, which would have been plenty of difference, or even triple, but 9
Organic fruits and vegetables contain more vitamins and minerals than commercially
grown produce. Knowing that organic farmers use natural, rich soil improvement methods, like compost, seaweed, powdered rock,
and manure, this finding makes perfect sense.
Commercial farms are often run by businessmen who rarely see their farms.
They use cheap hired labour to spray their fields, and their large operations often dump manure into surrounding lakes and
streams, since it is not cost effective for them to compost and spread it, in their over-grown, agri-business set ups.
We live in a world that has a bunch of us on it that behave as if someone else will clean up after us! Our world is
contaminated to a degree; even our most pristine, remote areas; penguins in Antarctica and Polar bears in the Arctic have
measurable levels of pesticides and environmental pollutants, at times rendering their meat unfit for safe consumption. So,
being absolutely free of pesticides and contaminants may not be possible, but we can make a huge difference, if we try to
eat healthier, cleaner food.
For those of you who can not afford buying organic food, or do not want to, eating less animal
foods and more plant foods will reduce your contaminant load. Try more beans, nuts, and seeds, and less meat, poultry, and
dairy. And lots of fruits and vegetables.
For those who want to explore the number one healthy choice, organic; check
local farmer’s markets for organic produce, or try one of the numerous organic delivery services, like the WOW box (weekly
organic wonder), or contact FoodShare (see end note), a group who advocates for everyone’s right to healthy, affordable
food- they have a number of wonderful programs, including an organic food drop off, probably in your own neighbourhood. Of
course, there is always your local health store, and many large grocers, like Loblaws, carry organic produce, and dairy foods.
article written by Anthony DiPasquale, a wholistic Nutrtionist, with a private practice in Toronto. Anthony also works with
the Yorkville Club, Continuum Centre, and with LoveCry.
He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 416.680.3533
note; Food Share can be reached at (416) 363-6441; www.foodshare.net
(1)"Organochlorine compounds and estrogen-related
cancers in women" Hans-Olov Adami et al., Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (Cancer Causes
and Control 6:551-566 1995)
(2) "Organochlorine compounds in relation to breast cancer, endometrial cancer, and endometriosis:
an assessment of the biological and epidemiological evidence" Ulf Ahlborg et al., Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska
Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (Crit Rev Toxicol 25:463-531 1995)
(3) “Acute and Reversible Parkinsonism Due to Organophosphate
Pesticide Intoxication: Five Cases.” Mohit H. Bhatt et al., Neurology 52(7), April 22, 1999, pp. 1467-1471
"Epidemiological characteristics of childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia" - Buckley J.D. et al 1994 - Leukemia 8 (5):856-864
“Malignant lymphomaand exposure to chemicals, especially organic solvents, chlorophenols and phenoxy acids: a case-control
study.” Hardell, L., M. Eriksson, P. Lenner, and E. Lundgren. 1981Br. J. Cancer. 43:169-176.
(6) “Soft tissue
sarcoma and non-hodgkin's lymphoma in relation to phenoxyherbicide and chlorinated phenol exposure in western Washington.”
Woods JS, Polissar L, Severson RK, Heuser LS, Kulander BG. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1987; 78:899-910.
"Pesticides, Making the Right Choice for the Protection of Health and The Environment.", House of Commons Standing Committee
on the Environment and Sustainable Development, May 16, 2000, chair- Charles Caccia, MP Davenport.
(8) Cynthia L. Curl,
Richard A. Fenske, Kai Elgethun Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure of Urban and Suburban Preschool Children with Organic
and Conventional Diets
Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 111, Number 3 March 2003